This engrossing and original book looks at the growth and eventual demise of Rome from the viewpoint of the peoples who fought against it.
Here is the reality behind legends such as Spartacus the gladiator, and the stories of Shapur the conqueror, Viriathus the guerrilla leader and Mithridates the connoisseur of poisons.
Some enemies of Rome were noble heroes, others were murdering villains, but each has a unique and fascinating story.
Defying the might of Rome was a dangerous business, and few of the men and women described in these pages died in their beds. Some, like Vercingetorix and Jugurtha, were captured, exhibited in triumph and then, while their conquerors sat down to a festive dinner, killed in the dungeons below. Rather than face such an end, some of Rome’s greatest adversaries, including Hannibal, Boudicca and Cleopatra, killed themselves.
‘A highly readable gallop through a number of major military crises in Roman history … good, clear, old-fashioned narrative style’
The Sunday Telegraph
PREFACE 9 PRELUDE 12
From the Ebro to the Nile 16
1 HANNIBAL 20 2 PHILIP V 44
3 VIRIATHUS 54 4 JUGURTHA 63
Plots, Treason and Civil War 74
5 MITHRIDATES 81 6 SPARTACUS 94
7 VERCINGETORIX 115 8 ORODES II 128
9 CLEOPATRA 140
Pax Romana 158
10 ARMINIUS 164 11 BOUDICCA 178
12 JOSEPHUS 191 13 DECEBALUS 213
The End of Empire 226
14 SHAPUR I 232 15 ZENOBIA 244
16 ALARIC 256 17 ATTILA 270
FURTHER READING 286
SOURCES OF ILLUSTRATIONS 289
SOURCES OF QUOTATIONS 189